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Fusion 5.4

JavaScript Index Stage

The JavaScript Index stage allows you to write a custom processing logic using JavaScript to manipulate Pipeline Documents and the index pipeline context, which will be compiled by the JDK into Java bytecode that is executed by the Fusion pipeline. The first time that the pipeline is run, Fusion compiles the JavaScript program into Java bytecode using the JDK’s JavaScript engine.

For a JavaScript Index stage, the JavaScript code must return either:

  • A single document or array of documents


  • The null value or an empty array.

    In the latter case, no further processing is possible, which means that the document will not be indexed or updated.

JavaScript Index Stage Global Variables

JavaScript is a lightweight scripting language. The JavaScript in a JavaScript stage is standard ECMAScript. What a JavaScript program can do depends on the container in which it runs. For a JavaScript Index stage, the container is a Fusion index pipeline. The following global pipeline variables are available:

Name Type Description


The contents of each document submitted to the pipeline.


A map that stores miscellaneous data created by each stage of the pipeline.

Use the ctx variable instead of the deprecated _context global variable.

The ctx variable is used to:

  • Pass data from one stage to another

  • Store data that needs to be passed from one custom stage to a later custom stage

The data can differ between stages:

  • If the previous stage changes the data

  • Based on the configuration of each stage

If the data is modified in one stage, it may cause a later stage to function irregularly.



The name of the Fusion collection being indexed or queried.


The Solr server instance that manages the pipeline’s default Fusion collection. All indexing and query requests are done by calls to methods on this object. See solrClient for details


The SolrCluster server used for lookups by collection name which returns a Solr server instance for that collection. For example:
var productsSolr = solrServerFactory.getSolrServer("products");.

Syntax Variants

JavaScript stages can be written using legacy syntax or function syntax. The key difference between these syntax variants is how the "global variables" are used. While using legacy syntax, these variables are used as global variables. With function syntax, however, these variables are passed as function parameters.

Legacy Syntax

Legacy syntax is used to perform very simple tasks.

//do some work...
return doc;

Function Syntax

Function syntax is used for moderately complex tasks.

function (doc) {
    // do some work ...
    return doc;
Function syntax is used for the examples in this document.

Advanced Syntax

Advanced syntax is used for complex tasks and when multiple functions are needed.

/* globals Java, logger*/
(function () {
    "use strict";

    return function main(doc , ctx, collection, solrServer, solrServerFactory) {
    // do some work ...

        return doc;

JavaScript Use

The JavaScript in a JavaScript Index stage must return either a single document or an array of documents. This can be accomplished by either:

  • a series of statements where the final statement evaluates to a document or array of documents

  • a function that returns a document or an array of documents

All pipeline variables referenced in the body of the JavaScript function are passed in as arguments to the function. For example, in order to access the PipelineDocument in global variable 'doc', the JavaScript function is written as follows:

function doWork(doc) {
    // do some work ...
    return doc;

The allowed set of function declarations are:

function doWork(doc) {  ... return doc; }
function doWork(doc, ctx) {  ... return doc; }
function doWork(doc, ctx, collection) {  ... return doc; }
function doWork(doc, ctx, collection, solrServer) {  ... return doc; }
function doWork(doc, ctx, collection, solrServer, SolrClusterComponent) {  ... return doc; }

The order of these arguments is according to the (estimated) frequency of use. The assumption is that most processing only requires access to the document object itself, and the next-most frequent type of processing requires only the document and read-only access of some context parameters. If you need to reference the solrServerFactory global variable, you must use the 5-arg function declaration.

In order to use other functions in your JavaScript program, you can define and use them, as long as the final statement in the program returns a document or documents.

Global variable logger

The logs are output to the indexing service logs for custom index stages. Access the Log Viewer and filter on this service to view the information.

The JavaScript Engine Used by Fusion

The JavaScript engine used by Fusion is the Nashorn engine from Oracle. See The Nashorn Java API for details.

Creating and accessing Java types

The following information is taken from Oracle’s JavaScript programming guide section 3, Using Java From Scripts.

To create script objects that access and reference Java types from Javascript use the Java.type() function:

var ArrayList = Java.type("java.util.ArrayList");
var a = new ArrayList;


Set the condition field

The JavaScript Index stage lets you define a condition to trigger the script body.

Javascript Form

The condition field is evaluated as either true or false. Do not precede with if or include ; at the end of the line.

  • Works:

    • doc.hasField("title_s") === true

    • doc.hasField("title_s") === false

    • doc.hasField("title_s")

  • Does not work:

    • if doc.hasField("title_s") === false;

Add a field to a document

function (doc) {
  doc.addField('some-new-field', 'some-value');
  return doc;

Join two fields

The following example conjoins separate latitude and longitude fields into a single geo-coordinate field, whose field name follows Solr schema conventions and ends in "_p". It also removes the original latitude and longitude fields from the document.

function(doc) {
  var value = "";
  if (doc.hasField("myGeo_Lat") && doc.hasField("myGeo_Long"))   {
    value = doc.getFirstFieldValue("myGeo_Lat") + "," + doc.getFirstFieldValue("myGeo_Long");
    doc.addField("myGeo_p", value);
    logger.debug("conjoined Lat, Long: " + value);
  return doc;

Return an array of documents

function (doc) {
  var subjects = doc.getFieldValues("subjects");
  var id = doc.getId();
  var newDocs = [];
  for (i = 0; i < subjects.size(); i++) {
     var pd = new com.lucidworks.apollo.common.pipeline.PipelineDocument(id+'-'+i );
     pd.addField('subject',  subjects.get(i));
     newDocs.push( pd  );
  return newDocs;

Parse a JSON-escaped string into a JSON object

While it is simpler to use a JSON Parsing index stage, the following code example shows you how to parse a JSON-escaped string representation into a JSON object.

This code parses a JSON object into an array of attributes, and then find the attribute "tags" which has as its value a list of strings. Each item in the list is added to a multi-valued document field named "tag_ss".

function (doc, ctx) {
  * Returned body is a JSON string.  Example:
  "telescope": "Hubble",
  "location": "low earth orbit",
  "primary_mirror_size": "2.4m"
  "tags": ["launched 1990","repaired 1993","repaired 1997","repaired 1997","repaired 1999","repaired 2002","repaired 2009"]

    for (var key in myData) {
      var obj = myData[key];
      if (obj == "tags") {
        logger.debug("extracting tags from tag field {}", JSON.stringify(obj))
        for (var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
          var tag = obj[i][0];
          doc.addField("tag_ss", tag);

    return doc;

Do a lookup on another Fusion collection

function doWork(doc, ctx, collection, solrServer, solrServerFactory) {
    var sku = doc.getFirstFieldValue("sku");
    if (!doc.hasField("mentions")) {
        var mentions = ""
        var productsSolr = solrServerFactory.getSolrServer("products");
        if( productsSolr != null ){
            var q = "sku:"+sku;
            var query = new org.apache.solr.client.solrj.SolrQuery();
            var res = productsSolr.query(query);
            mentions = res.getResults().size();
    return doc;

Reject a document

If the function returns null or an empty array, it will not be indexed or updated into Fusion.

function doWork(doc) {
 if (!doc.hasField("required_field")) {
    return null;
 return doc;

Drop a document by ID

function(doc) {
  var id = doc.getId();
  if (id !== null) {
    var pattern = "https://www.mydomain.com/links/contact/?";

    // 0 means the pattern was found so drop the doc
    return (id.indexOf(pattern) == 0) ? null : doc;

  return doc;

Format Date to Solr Date

// For example:
// From: 26/Mar/2015:14:38:48 -0700
// To:   2015-03-26T14:38:48Z  (Solr format)
function(doc) {
  if (doc.getId() !== null) {
    var inboundPattern = "dd/MMM/yyyy':'HH:mm:ss Z";  // modify this to match the format of the inbound date
    var solrDatePattern = "yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss'Z'"; // leave this alone
    var dateFieldName = "apachelogtime"; // change this to your date field name

    var solrFormatter = new java.text.SimpleDateFormat(solrDatePattern);
    var apacheParser = new java.text.SimpleDateFormat(inboundPattern);

    var dateString = doc.getFirstFieldValue(dateFieldName);
    logger.info("**** dateString: " + dateString);
    var inboundDate = apacheParser.parse(dateString);
    logger.info("**** inboundDate: " + inboundDate.toString());
    var solrDate =  solrFormatter.format(inboundDate);
    logger.info("**** solrDate: " + solrDate.toString());

    doc.setField(dateFieldName, solrDate.toString());

  return doc;

Replace whitespace and newlines

function(doc) {
  if (doc.getId() !== null) {
    var fields = ["col1", "col2", "col3"];

    for (i = 0; i < fields.length; i++ ) {
      var field = fields[i];
      var value = doc.getFirstFieldValue(field);
      logger.info("BEFORE: Field " + field + ": *" + value + "*");

      if (value != null) {
        value = value.replace(/^\s+/, "");  // remove leading whitespace
        logger.info("AFTER: Field " + field + ": *" + value + "*");
        value = value.replace(/\s+$/, "");  // remove trailing whitespace
        logger.info("AFTER: Field " + field + ": *" + value + "*");
        value = value.replace(/\s+/g, " ");  // multiple whitespace to one space
        logger.info("AFTER: Field " + field + ": *" + value + "*");

        doc.setField(field, value);

  return doc;

Split the values in a field

//Split On a delimiter. In this case, a newline
  if (doc.getId() !== null) {
    var fromField = "company2_ss";
    var toField = "company2_ss";
    var delimiter = "\n";

    var oldList = doc.getFieldValues(fromField);

    var values = [];

    // parse the entries one at a time
    doc.removeFields(toField); // clear out the target field
    for (i = 0; i < oldList.size(); i++) {
      values[i] = oldList.get(i);

      // get the list of strings split by the delimiter
      newList = values[i].split(delimiter);
      for(j = 0; j < newList.length; j++ ){
        doc.addField(toField, newList[j]);
  return doc;

Prevent global variables in JavaScript

Variable declared using the var keyword

If a variable is declared using the var keyword, the JavaScript interpreter processes the value sequentially.

In this example, the values for var i = 0 are logged in order as 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.

var queries = ["cat","the cat", "the cat in the hat","the cat in the hat is back"]
for(var i = 0; i < queries.length; i++){
  logger.info("query {} is '{}'",i,queries[i])

Variable not declared using the var keyword

If a variable is not declared using the var keyword, the JavaScript interpreter moves the declaration of variable and functions to the top of the declared (global) scope. Because Fusion pipeline stages execute in a multi-threaded environment, these global (shared) variables make the stages not thread-safe.

For more detailed information, see Hoisting.

var queries = ["cat","the cat", "the cat in the hat","the cat in the hat is back"]
for(i = 0; i < queries.length; i++){
  logger.info("query {} is '{}'",i,queries[i])

Issues and errors that may occur include:

For multi-threaded environments, the value of i may not proceed sequentially from 0 to 4 as the loop is processed. Instead, values may be logged based on the execution state of the other pipeline requests. For example, 0, 1, 3, 1, 2, etc., which logs the values as "cat", "the cat", "the cat in the hat is back", "the cat", "the cat in the hat".

However, if only one thread is incrementing the i variable, the values proceed sequentially (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.)

If the queries array varies in length from document to document, the loop may generate an ArrayIndexOutOfBounds exception for a Java array or an undefined error for a JavaScript array.

Threads may not log all four queries.

Setting the "use strict" directive

Setting the "use strict" directive tells the JavaScript engine to require non-global declarations of all functions and variables.

The following example demonstrates how to create a copy of a PipelineDocument and return both the original and the copy to the pipeline for processing.

/* globals Java, logger*/ // This is an optional line that informs the syntax checker about known global objects. This avoids excessive flagging of what it perceives as errors.
(function () { //Defines a top-level scope
    "use strict"; // This directs the interpreter to require `var` for all variable declarations to help ensure thread safety. Any global scope variables generate compile errors.
    * NOTE:  All code within the outer scope, (everything from other than the `main` function returned by the `function` declared on line two) is only run when the JavaScript engine JIT-compiles the script.  Place comments, static declarations, functions, and initialization code here to improve readability and performance.
    var PipelineDocument = Java.type('com.lucidworks.apollo.common.pipeline.PipelineDocument');
    var ArrayList = Java.type("java.util.ArrayList")

    * Take a PipelineDocument like the one passed to this stage and clone it.  Then give it a new id.
    function clonePipelineDoc(pipelineDoc, id) {
      var clone = new PipelineDocument(pipelineDoc);
      if (id) {
      logIfDebug("Cloned document with id '{}' and gave the clone id '{}'",pipelineDoc.getId(),id)
      return clone;

    var isDebug = false // This setting is optional and determines if log messages are turned off or on. It works in conjunction with the `logIfDebug` function.
    function logIfDebug(m){if(isDebug && m)logger.info(m, Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments).slice(1));}

    return function main(doc , ctx, collection, solrServer, solrServerFactory) {
        //This returns the function to be called by Fusion when the stage executes, and guarantees Fusion will always call this function. When a stage does not use advanced syntax, but declares multiple top-level functions, Fusion may not be able to determine which function to call. Duplicate doc and give it an ID that is the reverse of the original.
        var doc2 = clonePipelineDoc(doc, doc.getId().split("").reverse().join(""))
        var list = new ArrayList()

        //Return both docs to the downstream stages.
        return listOfDocs;


When entering configuration values in the UI, use unescaped characters, such as \t for the tab character. When entering configuration values in the API, use escaped characters, such as \\t for the tab character.

When using Fusion's REST API, the ID for this stage is:javascript-index.

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